Wednesday, April 30, 2014

1939 Aston Martin Atom Prototype

1939 Aston Martin Atom Prototype
Engine: 1970cc, 4-cylinder, dual S.U. Carburetors
Transmission: 4-speed Cotal semi-automatic
Chassis: Patented rectangular tube frame with aluminum body panels
Suspension Front: Independent with short trailing links and coil springs, Gordon Armstrong hydraulic shock-absorbers
Suspension Rear: semi-elliptical springs, Gordon Armstrong hydraulic shock-absorbers
Brakes: Lockheed 12" drums
Wheelbase: 102"
Track: 50"
Weight: 2,688 lbs
1939 Aston Martin Atom Prototype
The Atom was designed by Claude Hill and built in 1939. Its tubular frame was quite advanced for its time.
1939 Aston Martin Atom Prototype
David Brown drove the car in 1946 and many say it was instrumental in his decision to buy the company.
1939 Aston Martin Atom Prototype
Most of us would be extremely lucky to own an Aston Martin someday, but only one person will be lucky enough to own this gorgeous Aston prototype when it crosses the block at Goodwood this summer.

This is the 1939/40 Aston Martin Atom prototype. Only one exists, it survived the war, and my goodness it’s beautiful. While not the first concept car ever produced, it was one of the earliest (following Buick’s Y-Job by only a year and a half). Aston Martin’s owner, Gordon Sutherland, conceived of the Atom to be the smallest, lightest saloon possible at that time.

Yes, you heard right, a four-door saloon. And to deliver on those high hopes, some seriously cutting-edge technology was integrated. The Atom featured a tubular space frame chassis, lightweight aluminum body, coil-sprung independent front suspension, a semi-automatic shift gearbox, and the first DB1 2.0L engine.

It was driven by Sutherland during World War II, and has clocked an amazing 250,000 miles. As far as 75-year-old cars go, that’s unbelievable. This gem represents a truly sparse era of automotive production; we hope it finds a good home on June 27 at the Goodwood Festival of Speed auction.

Landmark 1939-1940 prototype Aston Martin Atom offered for sale by auction for the first time ever

The unique, 75-year-old Aston Martin Atom is to be a star Lot in Bonhams' Goodwood Festival of Speed Sale on June 27, 2014.

This avant-garde, lightweight and highly original aerodynamic Coupe concept car has been both renowned and revered for decades by Aston Martin collectors and the wider world of confirmed classic car enthusiasts. But while it is less well-known to the public at large, this 1939-1940 one-off prototype from the legendary British marque is in fact a hugely significant and influential landmark within motoring history.

The frontier-technology Aston Martin Atom – surviving as one of the world's earliest fully running concept cars - featured:

-A fully-patented, lightweight yet rigid integral body and tubular spaceframe chassis structure
-Lightweight aluminum body paneling, permitting speedy design changes
-Patented parallel-linkage coil-sprung independent front suspension
-The first UK use of the later almost universal Salisbury back axle
-Cotal electromagnetic semi-automatic gearbox – forerunner of modern 'paddle'
-Aerodynamic 'fastback' style Coupe coachwork
-Aeronautical-style 'hammock' seats
-In 1945 the first use of Aston Martin's newly patented 2-liter (DB1) engine

The Atom was finished and registered only six weeks after the Dunkirk evacuation in 1940. Aston Martin's contemporary owner, enthusiast businessman Gordon Sutherland, had the car designed and built by a dedicated design team under engineer Claude Hill. At that fraught time when park railings, pots and pans were being melted-down to aid the War effort, the Atom was amongst fewer than 750 private cars to be UK registered in the entire year.

While the mighty American General Motors Corporation's 1938 Buick Y-Job is widely accepted as having been the first concept car of all, at the other end of the size spectrum the then-tiny Aston Martin marque had the Atom in public road use during 1940.

Gordon Sutherland himself explained that "The whole point of the Atom was to make the smallest, lightest, enclosed saloon possible". It was intended to combine the performance, roadholding and handling of the finest contemporary sports car with quietness and the comfort of an aerodynamically efficient saloon body, easily modified and economically produced.

The 'atom' being the smallest, most powerful thing conceivable – the essence of everything – it was chosen as the perfect name for this technically advanced, futuristic Grand Touring car.

The Aston Martin Atom's wartime press reception was ecstatic. 'The Autocar' described it as: "The future in the present...a complete breakaway from existing Aston Martins and the general run of British cars...The saloon body breaks with British car convention...see it as the comfortable, convenient sports car of the future..."

'Motor Sport' magazine enthused: "This is a machine which convinces you it is all the way a winner...", while 'The Motor' was emphatic that " this car we can see the new order of motoring...".

This unique frontier-breaking 90-100mph 2-plus-2 Coupe was used by Mr and Mrs Gordon Sutherland both for personal and private transport, their children often traveling in its cozy rear seats.

Lack of publicly available fuel during wartime saw the Atom stored at his factory for up to three months at a time, but Gordon Sutherland knew its technology-proving value for a postwar resumption of Aston Martin production. He drove it personally for more than 100,000 test miles and immediately postwar the experience of driving the Atom persuaded industrialist David Brown to buy the company that had created it.

Amongst the developments Gordon Sutherland listed for the time when materials might again become available were many incorporated postwar into the first of the David Brown-owned Aston Martin company's DB-series Grand Touring cars, the now-renowned Aston Martin DB1, DB2, DB2/4 and 3.

Today the Atom, taxed and tested, has completed some 250,000 miles. Its discerning ownership - including two distinguished race/rally drivers - has changed only once in the last 49 years, and this unsung little jewel has long been painstakingly conserved and maintained by one enthusiast owner. He has now entrusted it to Bonhams for the Goodwood Festival of Speed Sale on June 27.

Bonhams holds the World record for the highest price achieved for any Aston Martin sold at auction and Group Motoring Director James Knight describes the Atom as: "Plainly one of Aston Martin's absolute landmark designs, and certainly one of the most exciting one-off British cars we have ever been asked to offer. It is unique, it is super sophisticated, and when one considers it within the context of 1939-40 it represents a monumental achievement. That the Atom has survived in almost constant use, and is today so beautifully conserved in highly original order, is a great tribute to the enthusiasm and taste of the Aston Martin connoisseurs who have fostered it for so many years.

"Placing a value on such an important and unique motor car is nigh on impossible but it has all the right credentials: a well respected and international marque; concours condition; originality, provenance, useability, rarity and of course its historical significance. Our initial thoughts are that it will realize many hundreds of thousands and certainly has the potential to achieve more. Time will tell though, and by offering Atom publicly at auction, we will let the market determine the value."